In-breadth interviews (IDI)
Twenty communities where SS had been used was in fact selected randomly regarding a whole a number of two hundred towns in which education got occurred between , we.elizabeth. 1-36 months up until the questionnaire. Out-of each of these 20 SS villages, i chosen one early in the day trainee to possess a partial-arranged, in-depth interviews. Half of had been chosen randomly out-of an inventory made by KHPT teams of men and women which they group think had benefited away from knowledge: others 1 / 2 of have been selected randomly in the large listing of students. Each of the picked SS trainees was also expected to understand anybody you like getting interview, individuals with which they common a near relationship. These were not advised of one’s reason behind the newest interviews. Brand new interview was basically used throughout the local perchÃ© non saperne di piÃ¹ vernacular of the interviewers instructed in semi-planned interviewing. Issues provided their perspectives towards SS training, key studies attained and mutual, perspectives on the personal attitudinal and you will behavioural change, and you will views to your changes owing to SS, amongst their members of the family as well as in the city. Every IDI transcripts were assessed manually getting regular layouts and you can ideas.
Polling Unit Studies (PBS)
Polling Booth Surveys (PBS) have been used by KHPT and others to obtain information on delicate subjects such as sexual practices; the methodology has been reported elsewhere . In summary, participants are interviewed in a group, though each person is behind a polling booth-type screen. The PBS sessions were conducted by trained PBS facilitators in the local vernacular in 40 villages: 20 where SS had been conducted in 2005, and 20 where no such training had been done. First we divided each village into 6 segments and randomly assigned each segment to one of the following 6 groups (unmarried women and unmarried men, younger married women and men, older married women and men). In each segment, one house was selected at random as a “starter” house. In this home, we listed all members of the household. If any person satisfied the criteria for inclusion, we requested their participation (if there was more than one such person in the house, we selected one at random). Then working to the left, we followed the same procedure in each house until we had invited 12 people in the appropriate group, giving an approximate total invited sample of 1440 respondents in the 20 SS villages and 1440 in the 20 non-SS villages. We were able to poll 1196 respondents in SS villages (83% response) and 1297 (90% response) in other villages, with a combined sample of 2493 (87% response). In addition, as many SS trainees as possible from the 20 Stepping Stones villages, were convenience-sampled to participate in a separate PBS session. In all 414 former trainees were sampled. Questions were a mixture of ones used in previous KHPT PBS and some were taken from the GEM Scale . The questions focused on knowledge, attitude and behaviour and involved yes/no or don’t know/not applicable responses. The knowledge and attitude questions were the same for all groups, but the behaviour questions differed according to what was appropriate for the specific group. All PBS data were entered into Excel spreadsheets and differences between groups were calculated using a chi-squared test. Preliminary analysis found that the general population samples were very similar; however the SS group profile was different to that of the general population samples (p < 0.01, Table 1), so the data from the SS trainee group were adjusted directly, using the stratum-specific denominator of the SS general population group as the standard population. Differences between groups were then calculated in STATA version 10 (STATA Corporation, USA) and p values calculated using a z-test (test of equality between proportions).